Imam Hasan (RA) was born on the 15th Ramadan 624 CE, and he was the older brother of Hussain Ibn Ali (RA). He was known for his generosity of donating to the poor, and he was also known for showing kindness to the poor and for his tolerance, bravery, and knowledge.
When he was born, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) performed the Aqiqah and chose the name “Al-Hasan.” Fatimah Zahra (RA) shaved his head. He is also from the Ahl al-Kisa (also known as People of the Cloak) of the Mubahalah event.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) loved Hassan (RA) and Hussain (RA) very much, that he declared these two the leaders of Youth in Jannah. And at many other locations, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) showed his love for both of them.
Children of Hasan ibn Ali (RA)
Hasan Ibn Ali (RA) had Six wives, and three of them were concubines. According to Ibn Saad (pp. 27/28), Hasan (RA) had 24 Children, 9 daughters, and 15 sons.
Unfortunately, Many of his children died in their early ages.
Name of the Hasan (RA) children are as follows;
- Qasim Ibn Hasan (RA)
- Abdullah Ibn Hassan (RA)
- Al-Hasan al-Muthana ibn Hasan (RA)
- Fatimah bint Hasan (RA)
- Yaqub ibn Hasan (RA)
- Hussein ibn Hasan (RA)
- Umm al Khayr bint Hasan (RA)
- Abdullah Al Asghar ibn Hasan (RA)
- Umm al-Husayn (RA)
- Abi Bakr ibn Hasan (RA)
- Muhammad Al Asghar ibn Hasan (RA)
- Hamza ibn Hasan (RA)
- Muhammad Al Akbar ibn Hasan (RA)
- Maymunah bint Hasan (RA)
- Jafar ibn Hasan (RA)
- Zayd ibn Al-Hasan (RA)
- Beshr ibn Hasan (RA)
- Zaid bin Hasan (RA)
- Umm Abdullah bint Hasan (RA)
- Talha ibn Hasan (RA)
- Abdurrahman ibn Hasan (RA)
- Umm Salama bint Hasan (RA)
- Ismail ibn Hasan (RA)
- Omar ibn Hasan (RA)
Hasan (RA) put an end to First Fitna
As soon as the news of Hasan (RA)’s selection as Islamic Caliph was announced, Muawiyah, who had been fighting Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RA) for the caliphate, went against the will of Ali (RA) and decided not to recognize Hasan (RA). And Muwiyah started creating troubles for the current Caliph Al Hasan (RA).
Since Hasan (RA) always sought peace, he decided to get into a peace treaty six or seven months after his selection. After that, Muawiyah took over the caliphate to create his own Umayyad dynasty. Hasan (RA) could have resisted and would have won against Muawiyah, but that resistance would make the situation worse, so he signed the peace treaty to end the first fitnah.
Martyrdom (Death) of Hasan Ibn Ali (RA)
Hasan Ibn Ali (RA) passed away in 670 CE, after he was poisoned by his wife Jada bint al-Ashat. Jada bin al-Ashat was close to Muawiyah. At the time of his death, Hasan (RA) was 58 years old.
He is buried in Jannat al-Baqi in Madinah, Saudi Arabia.